LOCATION AND LAND AREA
The land area of Lucena is small--approximately 8,315.73 hectares. This represents 0.95% of the provinces and 15% of the district total land areas. About 97.9% of the total land area of Lucena belongs to barangays outside the city proper. The biggest five of which are Mayao Castillo, Ibabang Iyam, Isabang, Mayao Silangan, and Ibabang Dupay that makes up almost 40% of the City’s total land area.
Topography Lucena is situated on a flat terrain with slightly rolling hills. The greatest part of the land has a slope of 0 to 3%. Slope of 10 to 20% comprise only a little portion of the land. Nine rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. The City is wedged between two big rivers, the Dumacaa River in the eastern part, which abounds with boulders, and Iyam River in the west which has an abundant deposit of gravel and sand. There are few marshes along the seacoast, because most of them have been converted into fishponds.
The climate in Lucena is characterized as no dry season with a pronounced maximum rain period. The maximum rain period occurs from October to January (for 33 year record of rainfall). The average annual precipitation is 349.44 mm. Temperature ranges from 17.5 degrees Centigrade to 35 degrees Centigrade. The average sea level pressure is 1009.65 millibars.
There are six soil types in the city, namely: Buguey Loamy Sand, Guadalupe Clay Loam, Ibaan Loam, Ibaan Silt Clay Loam, Macolod Clay Loam, and the Hydrosoil. Of these six types, five could be planted with different crops, including coconut and rice varieties. There are six soil types in the city, namely: Buguey Loamy Sand, Guadalupe Clay Loam, Ibaan Loam, Ibaan Silt Clay Loam, Macolod Clay Loam, and the Hydrosoil. Of these six types, five could be planted with different crops, including coconut and rice varieties. The Buguey Loamy Sand yields the highest for coconut trees at 3,400 nuts per hectare per year. The Ibaan Loam yields the highest average for rice ranging from 30 to 50 cavans per hectare. The hydrosoil found along the city coasts could be planted with mangrove and nipa. A great portion of these areas is submerged at high tide. Other portion have been converted into fishponds.
Hydrological and Ecological Condition
Generally, the soil and atmosphere conditions, temperature, light, water, (except in some barangays where the water facilities are not satisfactory) and other geological factors in Lucena, form a favorable environment, which provides conditions suitable for the maintenance of life and for carrying its activities.
Although Lucena has no more forest zone, there is a three-hectare man-made forest known as the Botanical Garden within the compound of the Enverga University Foundation site. The City also maintains a one-half hectare Ecology Park at Brgy. Isabang.
Fishery and Aquatic Resources
Tayabas Bay is one of the excellent fishing grounds in Quezon Province. In 1996, Lucena City had a recorded quantity of fish caught be commercial fishing vessels totaling to 11,841,180 kgms; 14,933,641 kgms. in 1997; and 12,919,155 kgms. in 1998 and 122,800,266 kgms. in 1999.